The ancient kingdoms of Judah and Israel were attacked by the prophets for their betrayal of Israel’s ancient vision of a people governed by faithfulness and mercy. The founding story of these two nations linked by a common faith and shared story told of an oppressed people delivered from bondage. The legal code that governed them was attributed to the God who had led them out from Egypt and encountered them at Mount Sinai.
What we refer to as the Ten Commandments encapsulate a set of laws and customs that defined a just community. One of the pivotal commands was to remember that they had been slaves in Egypt and even the cattle were to have one day of rest in seven.